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Saturday, August 27, 2011

Presentation ‘TWO CAMBRIDGES’

Have you ever heard about two Cambridges? I have not heard about it before. But today's presentation (a leader of this club-run discussion is Alex - Oleksii Riabokon) helps me realize some points on it. The British Cambridge and the American one have been chosen as a topic of a presentation, an entertaing discussion and a not-easy-to do quiz (of course, with special prizes from a leader of this cognitive activity). I wish you were one of the participants of it. In this case you had a golden opportunity to get to know more on a historical background, a current situation and prominent people of two Cambridges. Anyway, you have this chance. Simply READ MORE! 
AGENDA
True or False
Section I. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
1. The British Cambridge is younger than the American one.
1. The American Cambridge was named after the University of Cambridge in Britain.
2. Duroliponte was the first name of the American Cambridge.
3. The British Cambridge  was founded by 700 Puritan colonists. 
4. The founders of the American Cambridge were the Romans.
5. The British Cambridge was originally an agricultural village.
6. Harvard University was founded in 1209.
7. The oldest still existing college of the British Cambridge University was founded in 1284.
8. The American Cambridge was incorporated as a city in 1846.
9. During   World War II the British Cambridge served as an evacuation centre for over 7,000 people from London.
10. For many years, the  largest employer of the American Cambridge  was the New England Glass Company.
11. During   World War II the American Cambridge became a Royal Air Forces training centre.

Section II. CURRENT SITUATION 
1.The population of the American Cambridge is larger   than that of the British one.
2. The British Cambridge is at the heart of the high technology called Silicon Fen.
3.The American Cambridge is in the state of New York.
4. Harward University is in the American Cambridge.
5. Anglia Ruskin University is in the British Cambridge.
6. The American Cambridge is sometimes called the "City of Squares".
7. The British Cambridge played a unique role in the invention of modern ice hockey.
8. Massachusetts Institute of Technology is in the British Cambridge.
9. Addenbrookes is a learning and teaching hospital, one of the largest in the USA, and functions as a centre for medical research
10. The British Cambridge was home to Polaroid.
11. Mathematical Bridge connects Queen’s college with the President's Lodge in the American Cambridge. 
12. The American Cambridge is served  by the weekly newspaper the Cambridge Chronicle.

Section III. PROMINENT PEOPLE
1. Pink Floyd -are the most notable band from  the British Cambridge.
2. James Watt attended the University of Cambridge in the UK.
3. Henry Kissinger attended  Harvard University
4. Queen Margarethe of Denmark studied at the University of Cambridge, the UK.
5. Barack Obama studied politics at Harvard Univerrsity.
6. Prince Charles studied at St. John’s College in the British Cambridge.
7. David Rockfeller studied business at Harvard.
8. David John Gilmour was born in the American Cambridge.
9. Isaac Newton represented Cambridge in the English  Parliament.
10. The formerUN SECRETARY GENERAL Koffi Anan  graduated from Harvard.
11. Charles Darwin graduated from Christ’s College, the UK.
12. Israeli Prime Minister  Benjamin Netanyahu, studied  at the University of Cambridge, the UK.

http://www.cantab.org/
READ MORE:

Cambridge 25-2 TWO CAMBRIDGES – ANSWERS AND COMMENTS



1.HISTORICAl BACKGROUND
True/False.
1.The British Cambridge is younger than the American one.- F Bbr.1st century, around 40, Am. –in 1630
2.The American Cambridge was named after the University of Cambridge in Britain.- T.
3. Duroliponte was the first name of  the American Cambridge.- F.  -British Duroliponte means bridge over the duro or duroli, which appears to derive from the celtic word for water.

3.The British Cambridge   was founded by 700 Puritan colonists. F.- American) founded by the 700 original Puritan colonists of the Massachusetts Bay Colony under governor John Winthrop
4.The founders of the American Cambridge were the Romans. F. British The first major development of the area began with the Roman invasion of Britain in about AD 40. Castle Hill made Cambridge a useful place for a military outpost from which to defend the River Cam.
5.The British Cambridge was originally an agricultural village. F. American Cambridge grew slowly as an agricultural village eight miles (13 km) by road from Boston, the capital of the colony.
6.Harvard University was founded in 1209. F. British Cambrifge Univ. The university grew out of an association of scholars in the city of Cambridge that was formed in 1209, early records suggest, by scholars leaving Oxford after a dispute with townsfolk.
7.The oldest still existing college of the British Peterhouse Cambridge University was founded in 1284. T.
8. The American Cambridge was incorporated as a city in 1846. T.
9.During   World War II the British Cambridge served as an evacuation centre for over 7,000 people from London. T.
10.For many years, the  largest employer of the American Cambridge  was the New England Glass Company. T. New England Glass Company,  American glass company that was situated in East Cambridge, Mass., from about 1818 until 1888. In the latter year the company’s owner, Edward D. Libbey, met a strike of his workers by moving the factory to Toledo, Ohio, where it is still active as the Libbey-Owens-Ford Company. The New England Glass Company made a large variety of wares ranging from pocket bottles and tumblers to attractive art glasses by techniques of molding, mechanical pressing, cutting, and engraving...
11.During   World War II the American Cambridge became a Royal Air Forces training centre. F. British
1.CURRENT SITUATION 
2.1.The population of the American Cambridge is larger   than that of the British one. F. Vice versa.Brit. 122,800 Am. 105,162
2.2. The British Cambridge is at the heart of the high technology called Silicon Fen. T. Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology centre known as Silicon Fen – a play on Silicon Valley, Ca, USA, and the fens surrounding the city.
2.3.The American Cambridge is in the state of New York. F. Massachussetts
2.4.Harward University is in the American Cambridge. T.
2.5.Anglia Ruskin University is in the British Cambridge. T. The second university of Cambridge. Anglia Ruskin University has its origins in the Cambridge School of Art opened in 1858 by John Ruskin. In 1960 this became the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology (CCAT). In 1989 CCAT merged with the Essex Institute of Higher Education to form the Anglia Higher Education College. The merged college became a polytechnic in 1991, using the name Anglia Polytechnic, and was then awarded university status in 1992.
2.6.The American Cambridge is sometimes called the "City of Squares". T. Cambridge has been called the "City of Squares" by some,[17][18] as most of its commercial districts are major street intersections known as squares. Each of the squares acts as something of a neighborhood center.
2.7.The British Cambridge played a unique role in the invention of modern ice hockey. F.-football. Cambridge played a unique role in the invention of modern football: the game's first set of rules were drawn up by members of the University in 1848. The Cambridge Rules were first played on Parker's Piece and had a "defining influence on the 1863 Football Association rules."[65]

2.8.Massachusetts  Institute of Technology is in the British Cambridge. F. American
2.9. Addenbrookes is a learning and teaching hospital, one of the largest in the USA, and functions as a centre for medical research. F.-the UK
2.10. The British Cambridge was home to Polaroid. F. American Polaroid Corporation is an international consumer electronics and eyewear company, originally founded in 1937 by Edwin H. Land. It is most famous for its instant film cameras, which reached the market in 1948, and continued to be the company's flagship product line until the February 2008 decision to cease all production in favor of digital photography products.[
2.11. Mathematical Bridge connects Queens' College with the President's Lodge in the American Cambridge. F. British The Mathematical Bridge is the popular name of a wooden footbridge across the River Cam, between two parts of Queens' College, Cambridge. Its official name is simply the Wooden Bridge.
The bridge was designed by William Etheridge, and built by James Essex in 1749. It has been rebuilt on two occasions, in 1866 and in 1905, but has kept the same overall design.

2.12. The American Cambridge is served the weekly newspaper the Cambridge Chronicle. T.
3.  PROMINENT PEOPLE.
3.1. Pink Floyd are the most notable band from  the British Cambridge. T. Pink Floyd were an English rock band who achieved worldwide success with their progressive and psychedelic rock music. Their work is marked by the use of philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, innovative album art, and elaborate live shows. Pink Floyd are one of the most commercially successful and influential rock music groups of all time. They have sold over 200 million albums worldwide, including 74.5 million certified units in the United States. The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996. Since then they have continued to enjoy worldwide fame.
3.2. James Watt attended the University of Cambridge in the UK. T. James Watt, FRS, FRSE (19 January 1736 – 25 August 1819)[1] was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both the Kingdom of Great Britain and the world.
3.3. Henry Kissinger attended  Harvard University T. Henry Alfred Kissinger ( /ˈkɪsɪndʒər/;[1] born May 27, 1923[2]) is a German-born American political scientist, diplomat, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. After his term, his opinion was still sought by many following presidents and many world leaders.
 3.4. Queen Margarethe of Denmark studied at the University of Cambridge, the UK. T.
3.5. Barack Obama studied politics at Harvard Univerrsity. F. Law
3.6.Prince Charles studied at St. John’s College in the British Cambridge. F.Tinity
3.7. David Rockfeller studied business at Harvard. F. David Rockefeller, Sr. (born June 12, 1915) is the current patriarch of the Rockefeller family. He is the youngest and only surviving child of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, and the only surviving grandchild of oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller, founder of Standard Oil. in 1936, he graduated cum laude from Harvard University, doing his senior thesis on Fabian socialism. He did a postgraduate year in economics at Harvard
3.8. David John Gilmour was born in the American Cambridge. F.in British David Jon Gilmour,[1] CBE (born 6 March 1946) is an English rock musician and multi-instrumentalist who is best known as the lead guitarist, one of the lead singers and one of the main songwriters in the progressive rock band Pink Floyd.
3.9. Isaac Newton represented Cambridge in the English  Parliament. T. Newton was a member of the Parliament of England from 1689 to 1690 and in 1701, but according to some accounts his only comments were to complain about a cold draught in the chamber and request that the window be closed
3.10. The former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan  graduated from Harvard. F.MIT
3.11.  Charles Darwin graduated from Christ's College, Cambridge, the UK. T.
3.12. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, studied  at the University of Cambridge, the UK F. MIT

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